Buyer Beware When Using Online Software to Draft Estate Planning Documents
In the Puget Sound region and elsewhere seniors should avoid online wills
When it comes to estate planning, there is no such thing as a “one-size fits all” plan. Family dynamics, estate taxes, second marriages and stepchildren, family businesses, and planning for a special needs child can all be factors in preparing an estate plan that meets an individual’s goals and objectives.
Several websites now allow consumers to create their own estate planning documents. As a result, estate planning documents - once thought to be solely in the purview of attorneys - can now be created by a few mouse clicks. While it may be easy to create a do-it-yourself will, are such wills really a good idea? To answer this question, we tested several online will drafting programs and this is what we found:
Some good, basic wills: Some programs produce effective documents for consumers wishing to create a basic will. These programs provide several useful options that allow consumers to express their feelings about specific end-of-life issues and their wishes with respect to the disposition of their assets. For example, in addition to making specific bequests of property to loved ones, some online programs allow consumers to choose how to leave assets to their spouse or children and in what percentages or shares. Several programs also provide guidance with respect to leaving assets to minor children and allow consumers to choose how trusts for minor children should be structured.
Incorrect references: Some online wills include references to statutes or laws that have been repealed or superseded. As most consumers do not have a working knowledge of their particular state’s estate, trust, and probate laws, the problem may not come to light until after the individual’s death, when it is time to administer the will.
No special needs planning: Wills benefitting children with special needs or non-U.S citizen spouses require certain provisions to avoid loss of governmental benefits (in the case of special needs individuals) or the payment of estate taxes (in the case of non-U.S. citizen spouses). Most online will drafting programs do not provide for special needs planning. The result is that provisions for special needs beneficiaries or non-U.S. citizen spouses in a will may inadvertently negatively impact the governmental benefits received by a special needs child or result in the payment of estate taxes. These problems could be avoided with proper planning.
No long-term trusts: While many online programs allow trusts to be created for children, most do not allow assets to be kept in trust throughout a child’s lifetime or beyond a certain age. Many consumers want to keep assets in trust during a child’s lifetime. The inability to engage in long-term or protective planning for a child can result in the loss of valuable tax strategies or loss of asset value due to a child’s bad habits.
Tax planning not available: Most online programs fall short when it comes to estate tax planning. Individuals with taxable estates usually want to defer the payment of estate taxes if possible. There are different techniques that can be used to protect the amount that can pass free of estate tax, but these options are not available in most programs. Beneficiaries of wills that do not provide for proper estate tax planning could be faced with an unexpected estate tax bill.